- Ofanim are the spiritual
forces (angels) envisioned by Ezekiel as the wheels of the Divine
chariot; the angels occupying the world of Asiyah.
Haba ("The World to Come"):
- The Sages distinguish between
two phases of redemption:
1) Yemot Hamashiach ("messianic era") when the present
laws of nature will still apply.
Olam Haba ("World to Come") in which the nature of
reality will be transformed.
- Olam Hamalbush ("The
World of the Garment"):
- Olam Hamalbush is a
figurative idiom, used by several disciples of the Arizal,
to refer to the Divine "superplan" for all Creation before the
tzimtzum of G-d's infinite
light. In the Zohar, this level
is alluded to in the phrase: "He engraved an engravement in the
higher brilliance." In Chassidut
this is elucidated by the phrase: "He conceived within Himself in
potentia all that was destined to become actual."
For further explanation see: Ten stages of G-d's Infinite Light
before the beginning of the creative process--Kadmon.
- Olamot (Worlds):
- Olamot are the four
primary realms of Creation that emerge out of G-d?s infinite light and
culminate in our finite physical universe.
- For further explanation see: The
Four Worlds (Atzilut, Beriah, Yetzirah, and Asiyah).
- Omer is a dry measure
mentioned in the Torah; the measure of
barley brought as an offering on the second day of Pesach,
after which the grain of the new harvest is permitted to be eaten; the
49 day period of counting from the time of this offering until the
festival of Shavuot. See Sefirat
- 1. A season or a period of time,
a full night or full day.
- 2. The obligation of the husband
to fulfill his wife's conjugal rights.
- Or is commonly used
metaphor for the Divine energy that generates and sustains the universe.
Ma'or, Ziv, He'arah
- Or chozer
- Or chozer is a
reverberation of spiritual energy emanating from Creation in the
direction of the Creator; a response to Or yashar.
- Orlah ("foreskin"):
- 1. The
Torah commands us to circumcise the foreskin of a male child when he is
eight days old. There are two stages to the circumcision process: See milah.
- 2. When
the Jewish People plant fruit trees in the Land of Israel, the fruits of
those trees are forbidden for the first three years, and are referred to as orlah,
literally "foreskin." In the fourth year, the fruits must be
brought up to Jerusalem, where they are eaten in purity and with praise of
God. Only in the fifth year may the fruits be eaten freely in any location.
God promises that if this commandment is kept, He will shower abundance upon
the Jewish People.
These laws are discussed in the weekly Torah portion of
Kedoshim. Learn about the deeper
meaning of orlah.
- Or la'goyim ("A
light unto the nations"):
- In Isaiah's prophecy (Isaiah
49:6) Israel is called a "light unto the nations. For it is the
primary responsibility of the Jewish people to bring the world to
perfect peace, brotherhood, and harmony. A future without war, hunger or
- Or makif karov
("close surrounding consciousness"):
- Or makif karov is the
general level of consciousness corresponding to the chayah
of the soul.
- Or makif rachok
("distant surrounding consciousness"):
- Or makif rachok is the
general level of consciousness corresponding to the yechidah
of the soul.
- Or pnimi ("inner
- Or pnimi is the The
general level of consciousnes corresponding to the three lower levels of
- Or yashar
- Or yashar is the Divine
energy emanating from G-d in the direction of His Creation.