("section"; pl. parshiot):
- 1. A parashah is a
paragraph in the written Torah according
to the Masoretic text. These parshiot are either "open"
(followed by a blank space which extends to the end of the line) or
"closed" (followed by a blank space equal to the width of nine
2. A parashah is also a sidrah ("order"): one
of the fifty-four sections into which the Five Books of Moses are
divided for the purpose of reading one of them in the synagogue each Shabbat.
Thus, the entire Torah is read in full in the course of a year (it is
sometimes necessary to read two on the same Sabbath). The parshiot
are known by one or two of their opening words.
- A Pardes is an acronym
for the four levels of interpreting a Torah
text: "peshat," the simple meaning of the
text; "remez," the hints and allusions within
the text; "derush," the derivative implications
of the text arrived at by way of hermeneutic rules; and sod,
the symbolic and esoteric meaning of the text.
- Parsah is a measure of
distance equivalent to approximately 4.348 kilometers.
("personae" or "profile"; pl. partzufim):
- A partzuf is the third
and final stage in the development of a sefirah,
in which it metamorphoses from a tenfold articulation of sub-sefirot
into a human-like figure possessing the full set of intellectual and
emotional powers. As such, it may thus interact with the other partzufim
(which could not occur before this transformation). This stage of
development constitutes the transition from Tohu
to Tikun or from Nekudim
to Berudim, (also see: Olam
Ha'Atzilut, "The World of
- Pei is the 17th letter
of the Hebrew alphabet.
- For further explanation see Alef-Beit
- Also see: The
Mystical Significance of the Hebrew Letters (including an image and
audio pronunciation of each letter).
- Perek Shirah
("The Chapter of Song"):
- Perek Shirah is a Midrash
composed of the various verses sung by each element in Creation.
- Periah is the second
phase of the rite of circumcision, in which the membrane is peeled back
after the foreskin has been cut off. See metzitzah,
- Pesach is the seven-day
festival (eight days in the Diaspora) commemorating the liberation of
the Jewish People from Egyptian slavery.
Sheini ("Second Passover"):
festival of the Second Passover (Pesach Sheini) on the fourteenth
day of the month. Normally, the Torah tells us to celebrate Passover on
the fourteenth day of Nisan, the month before Iyar. But a person
ritually impure or too far away from the Temple on the fourteenth of
Nisan--and therefore unable to celebrate Passover by bringing a
sacrifice to the Temple on that
- Pirkei Avot
("Chapters of the Fathers"):
- Pirkei Avot is the
popular name for the Mishnaic
collection referred to as Avot (?Fathers?), containing statements
of ethical wisdom conveyed by various Talmudic
- Pleasure (Ta'anug):
- "Pleasure" is
the spiritual state associated in particular with the second head of the
- For further explanation see: The
Powers of the Soul--Ta'anug.
- Priestly Blessing:
- The three verses blessing Israel
(Numbers 6:24-26) recited daily by the Priests in the Temple as part of
the morning liturgy.
- See Birkat
- Primordial Man:
- See Adam